Macaranga capensis (Baill.) Benth. ex Sim

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Macaranga capensis

Photo: Bart Wursten
Aberfoyle Tea Estates, Honde Valley

Macaranga capensis

Photo: Bart Wursten
Rusitu Forest

Macaranga capensis

Photo: Bart Wursten
Rusitu Forest

Macaranga capensis

Photo: Bart Wursten
Rusitu Forest

Macaranga capensis

Photo: Bart Wursten
Rusitu Forest

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Mallotus capensis (Baill.) Müll.
Mappa capensis Baill.
Common names: River macaranga (English) Spiny macaranga (English) Wild poplar (English)
Status: Native
Medium to large tree. Bark pale grey, smooth with whitish horizontal markings; trunk often buttressed in large specimens; branches often armed with short spines. Leaves spirally arranged, broadly ovate, up to 20 × 25 cm, more or less deeply cordate and often peltate at the base, 5-11-veined from the base, densely golden-gland dotted below; margin glandular-dentate to almost entire. Flowers in branched racemose inflorescences, greenish to creamy-yellow, unisexual, on different trees. Fruit subspherical, rarely 2-lobed, up to 6 × 10 mm, covered in yellowish-green glands when young, smooth, hairless and green when ripe.
Derivation of specific name: capensis : of the Cape
Altitude range:
Flowering time:Oct - Jan
Worldwide distribution: From southern Ethiopia south to South Africa
Malawi distribution: N,C,S
Growth form(s): Tree.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species

Burrows, J.E. & Willis, C.K. (eds) (2005). Plants of the Nyika Plateau Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 31 SABONET, Pretoria Page 146. (Includes a picture).

Burrows, J.E., Burrows, S.M., Lötter, M.C. & Schmidt, E. (2018). Trees and Shrubs Mozambique Publishing Print Matters (Pty), Cape Town. Page 459. (Includes a picture).

Coates Palgrave K. (revised and updated by Meg Coates Palgrave) (2002). Trees of Southern Africa 3rd edition. Struik, South Africa Page 508.

Da Silva, M.C., Izidine, S. & Amude, A.B. (2004). A preliminary checklist of the vascular plants of Mozambique. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 30 Sabonet, Pretoria Page 57.

Dowsett-Lemaire, F. (1989). The flora and phytogeography of the evergreen forests of Malawi. I: Afromontane and mid-altitude forests; Bull. Jard. Bot. Nat. Belg. 59(1/2) Page 18.

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 252.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 42.

Phiri, P.S.M. (2005). A Checklist of Zambian Vascular Plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 32 Page 49.

Radcliffe-Smith, A. (1996). Euphorbiaceae Flora Zambesiaca 9(4) Pages 164 - 165.

Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A Checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mount Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34 National Botanic Garden of Belgium Page 87.

Van Wyk, B. & Van Wyk, P. (1997). Field Guide to Trees of Southern Africa. Struik, South Africa Pages 188 - 189. (Includes a picture).

White, F., Dowsett-Lemaire, F. & Chapman, J.D. (2001). Evergreen forest flora of Malawi Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew Pages 254 - 255. (Includes a picture).

Wursten, B., Timberlake, J. & Darbyshire, I. (2017). The Chimanimani Mountains: an updated checklist. Kirkia 19(1) Page 92.

Other sources of information about Macaranga capensis:

Our websites:

Flora of Mozambique: Macaranga capensis
Flora of Zambia: Macaranga capensis
Flora of Zimbabwe: Macaranga capensis

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Macaranga capensis
African Plant Database: Macaranga capensis
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Macaranga capensis
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Macaranga capensis
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Macaranga capensis
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Macaranga capensis
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Macaranga capensis
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Macaranga capensis
iNaturalist: Macaranga capensis
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Macaranga capensis
JSTOR Plant Science: Macaranga capensis
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Macaranga capensis
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Macaranga capensis
Plants of the World Online: Macaranga capensis
The Plant List (version 1.1): Macaranga capensis
Tropicos: Macaranga capensis
Wikipedia: Macaranga capensis

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2014-19

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2019). Flora of Malawi: Species information: Macaranga capensis., retrieved 10 December 2019

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