Rauvolfia caffra Sond.

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Rauvolfia caffra

Photo: Bart Wursten
By main Vumba rd

Rauvolfia caffra

Photo: Bart Wursten
By main Vumba rd

Rauvolfia caffra

Photo: Rob Burrett
National Botanic Garden, Harare

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Synonyms: Rauvolfia inebrians K. Schum.
Rauvolfia natalensis Sond.
Common names: Quinine tree (English)
Medium-sized evergreen tree. Leaves in whorls of 3-5, near the ends of branches, lanceolate to oblong, glossy dark green, slightly paler below. Flowers in terminal, branched inflorescences, small, white. Fruit in pendulous clusters, not always paired as often only one carpel develops, green.
Derivation of specific name: caffra: from Kaffraria, a historic reference to South Africa
Altitude range:
Flowering time:Aug - Oct
Worldwide distribution: Widespread in tropical Africa from West Africa and Sudan south to South Africa
Malawi distribution: N,C,S
Growth form(s): Tree.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species: Daphnis nerii (Larval foodplant)
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species

Burrows, J.E. & Willis, C.K. (eds) (2005). Plants of the Nyika Plateau Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 31 SABONET, Pretoria Page 73. (Includes a picture).

Burrows, J.E., Burrows, S.M., Lötter, M.C. & Schmidt, E. (2018). Trees and Shrubs Mozambique Publishing Print Matters (Pty), Cape Town. Page 800. (Includes a picture).

Chapano, C. & Mamuto, M. (2003). Plants of the Chimanimani District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 47.

Da Silva, M.C., Izidine, S. & Amude, A.B. (2004). A preliminary checklist of the vascular plants of Mozambique. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 30 Sabonet, Pretoria Page 27.

Dowsett-Lemaire, F. (1989). The flora and phytogeography of the evergreen forests of Malawi. I: Afromontane and mid-altitude forests; Bull. Jard. Bot. Nat. Belg. 59(1/2) Page 19.

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 269.

Drummond, R.B. (1981). Common Trees of the Central Watershed Woodlands of Zimbabwe. Natural Resources Board, Harare. Pages 194 - 195. (Includes a picture).

Leeuwenberg, A.J.M. & Kupicha, F.K. et al. (1985). Apocynaceae Flora Zambesiaca 7(2) Pages 460 - 462. (Includes a picture).

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 19.

Siebert, S. & Mössmer, M. (Editors) (2002). SABONET Southern Mozambique Expedition 2001; Provisional Plant Checklist of the Maputo Elephant Reserve (MER) and Licuati Forest Reserve (LFR) SABONET News 7(1) Page 23.

Steedman, E.C. (1933). Some Trees, Shrubs and Lianes of Southern Rhodesia. Pages 69 - 70. Rauvolfia inebrians (Includes a picture).

Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A Checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mount Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34 National Botanic Garden of Belgium Page 44.

Timberlake, J.R., Bayliss, J., Dowsett-Lemaire, F., Congdon, C., Branch, B., Collins, S., Curran, M., Dowsett, R,J., Fishpool, L., Francisco, J., Harris, Kopp, M. & de Sousa, C. (2012). Mt Mabu, Mozambique: Biodiversity and Conservation Report produced under the Darwin Initiative Award 15/036. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, London Page 72.

Other sources of information about Rauvolfia caffra:

Our websites:

Flora of Mozambique: Rauvolfia caffra
Flora of Zambia: Rauvolfia caffra
Flora of Zimbabwe: Rauvolfia caffra
Flora of Zimbabwe: cultivated Rauvolfia caffra

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Rauvolfia caffra
African Plant Database: Rauvolfia caffra
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Rauvolfia caffra
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Rauvolfia caffra
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Rauvolfia caffra
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Rauvolfia caffra
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Rauvolfia caffra
JSTOR Plant Science: Rauvolfia caffra
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Rauvolfia caffra
Plants of the World Online: Rauvolfia caffra
Tropicos: Rauvolfia caffra
Wikipedia: Rauvolfia caffra

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2014-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Malawi: Species information: Rauvolfia caffra.
https://www.malawiflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=145100, retrieved 17 April 2024

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