Clerodendrum cephalanthum Oliv.
subsp. swynnertonii (S. Moore) Verdc.

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Clerodendrum cephalanthum subsp. swynnertonii

Photo: Bart Wursten
Castleburn Forest, Vumba

Clerodendrum cephalanthum subsp. swynnertonii

Photo: Bart Wursten
Castleburn Forest, Vumba

Clerodendrum cephalanthum subsp. swynnertonii

Photo: Bart Wursten
Ndundu Lodge: on trail 1

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Synonyms: Clerodendrum swynnertonii S. Moore
Common names:
Woody climbing shrub or liana, up to 10 m with rather blunt straight or hook-like thorns on the stems to aid climbing. Leaves opposite, up to c. 18 × 10 cm, one leaf in a pair often larger than the other, elliptic-oblong to slightly ovate, hairless when mature, sometimes with dense hairs on the midrib below, 3-veined from the base, veins and midrib indented above, 3-4 pairs of lateral veins curving back onto each other to form a sub-marginal vein; margin usually entire, sometimes with 1-4 teeth on each side. Flowers in terminal heads, white, fragrant, showy but short-lived. Corolla tube slender, 3.5-5 cm long; anthers usually dark purple. Fruit glossy dark green, 4 lobed, 10-12 mm long, surrounded by the greenish or purple-red calyx lobes.
Derivation of specific name:
Altitude range:
Flowering time:June
Worldwide distribution: Tanzania, Malawi, Mozambique, Zimbabwe.
Malawi distribution:
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species

Burrows, J.E., Burrows, S.M., Lötter, M.C. & Schmidt, E. (2018). Trees and Shrubs Mozambique Publishing Print Matters (Pty), Cape Town. Page 845. (Includes a picture).

Chapano, C. & Mamuto, M. (2003). Plants of the Chimanimani District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 14. As Clerodendrum cephalantum swynnertonii swynnertonii

Dowsett-Lemaire, F. (1989). The flora and phytogeography of the evergreen forests of Malawi. I: Afromontane and mid-altitude forests; Bull. Jard. Bot. Nat. Belg. 59(1/2) Page 23. As Clerodendrum swynnertonii

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 272. As Clerodendrum swynnertonii

Fernandes, R. (2005). Lamiaceae (subfamilies: Viticoideae and Ajugoideae) Flora Zambesiaca 8(7) Pages 104 - 108.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 55.

Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A Checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mount Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34 National Botanic Garden of Belgium Page 183.

Timberlake, J.R., Bayliss, J., Dowsett-Lemaire, F., Congdon, C., Branch, B., Collins, S., Curran, M., Dowsett, R,J., Fishpool, L., Francisco, J., Harris, Kopp, M. & de Sousa, C. (2012). Mt Mabu, Mozambique: Biodiversity and Conservation Report produced under the Darwin Initiative Award 15/036. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, London Page 76.

Other sources of information about Clerodendrum cephalanthum subsp. swynnertonii:

Our websites:

Flora of Mozambique: Clerodendrum cephalanthum subsp. swynnertonii
Flora of Zimbabwe: Clerodendrum cephalanthum subsp. swynnertonii

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Clerodendrum cephalanthum
African Plant Database: Clerodendrum cephalanthum
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Clerodendrum cephalanthum
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Clerodendrum cephalanthum
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Clerodendrum cephalanthum
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Clerodendrum cephalanthum
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Clerodendrum cephalanthum
JSTOR Plant Science: Clerodendrum cephalanthum
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Clerodendrum cephalanthum
Plants of the World Online: Clerodendrum cephalanthum
Tropicos: Clerodendrum cephalanthum
Wikipedia: Clerodendrum cephalanthum

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2014-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Malawi: Species information: Clerodendrum cephalanthum subsp. swynnertonii., retrieved 22 July 2024

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