7191.000 Clerodendrum L.


Yuan, Y.W., Mabberly, D.J., Steane, D.A. & Olmstead, R.G. (2010) Further disintegration and redefinition of Clerodendrum (Lamiaceae): Implications for the understanding of the evolution of an intriguing breeding strategy Taxon 59(1) 125-133

Description of the genus

Trees, shrubs, subshrubs or lianes, usually strongly foetid when crushed. Leaves opposite or in whorls of 3-4, simple. Flowers in lax cymes, panicles, corymbs or heads, rarely solitary. Calyx campanulate to tubular, truncate to 5-toothed. often accrescent in fruit, sometimes coloured and showy. Flower bud symmetrical, or if asymmetrical usually expanding on the upper side due to resupination; anterior corolla lobe only slightly (if at all) larger than the other 4. Corolla white, blue, violet or red; tube sometimes very long or only as long as the calyx. Stamens 4-5, didynamous, usually long-exserted; anthers dorsifixed. Ovary imperfectly 4-locular. Stigma 2-fid, exserted, the lobes equal. Fruit a drupe, often 4-grooved and ± (2-)4-lobed.

Worldwide: c. 400 species in tropical and warm countries

Malawi: 9 taxa.

The larvae of the following species of insect eat species of this genus:
Acherontia atropos (Death's head hawk)
Rhodogastria amasis (Tri-coloured tiger)
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Links to taxa:     View: living plant images - herbarium specimen images - all images for this genus

SpeciesFZ divisionsContent
cephalanthum Oliv. subsp. montanum (B. Thomas) Verdc.N
cephalanthum Oliv. subsp. swynnertonii (S. Moore) Verdc.Description, Image
johnstonii Oliv. NDescription, Image
pleiosciadium GürkeNDescription, Image
pusillum GürkeSDescription, Image
robustum Klotzsch var. robustum SDescription, Image
rotundifolium Oliv.N,C,SDescription, Image
ternatum SchinzC,SDescription, Image
toxicarium BakerN,C,S

Other sources of information about Clerodendrum:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Clerodendrum
Flora of Caprivi: Clerodendrum
Flora of Caprivi: cultivated Clerodendrum
Flora of Mozambique: Clerodendrum
Flora of Mozambique: cultivated Clerodendrum
Flora of Zambia: Clerodendrum
Flora of Zambia: cultivated Clerodendrum
Flora of Zimbabwe: Clerodendrum
Flora of Zimbabwe: cultivated Clerodendrum

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Clerodendrum
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Clerodendrum
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Clerodendrum
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Clerodendrum
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Clerodendrum
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Clerodendrum
JSTOR Plant Science: Clerodendrum
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Clerodendrum
Plants of the World Online: Clerodendrum
Tropicos: Clerodendrum
Wikipedia: Clerodendrum

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2014-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Malawi: Genus page: Clerodendrum.
https://www.malawiflora.com/speciesdata/genus.php?genus_id=1212, retrieved 24 April 2024

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