Clerodendrum johnstonii Oliv.

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Clerodendrum johnstonii

Photo: Bart Wursten
Zovo Chipolo Trail, Nyika National Park

Clerodendrum johnstonii

Photo: Bart Wursten
Zovo Chipolo Trail, Nyika National Park

Clerodendrum johnstonii

Photo: Bart Wursten
Zovo Chipolo Trail, Nyika National Park

Clerodendrum johnstonii

Photo: Bart Wursten
Zovo Chipolo Trail, Nyika National Park

Clerodendrum johnstonii

Photo: Bart Wursten
Zovo Chipolo Trail, Nyika National Park

Clerodendrum johnstonii

Photo: Bart Wursten
Zovo Chipolo Trail, Nyika National Park

Clerodendrum johnstonii

Photo: Bart Wursten
Kaperepeza road, Nyika National Park

Clerodendrum johnstonii

Photo: Bart Wursten
Kaperepeza road, Nyika National Park

Clerodendrum johnstonii

Photo: Bart Wursten
Kaperepeza road, Nyika National Park

Clerodendrum johnstonii

Photo: Bart Wursten
Kaperepeza road, Nyika National Park

Clerodendrum johnstonii

Photo: Bart Wursten
Kaperepeza road, Nyika National Park

Clerodendrum johnstonii

Photo: Bart Wursten
Kaperepeza road, Nyika National Park

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Clerodendrum johnstonii Oliv. var. rubrum B.Thomas
Clerodendrum murigono Chiov.
Common names:
Frequency:
Status: Native
Description:
Usually a scrambling shrub with climbing branches up to 10 m long aided by paired, recurved climbing hooks; young branches with soft orange to red hairs. Leaves opposite or in whorls of three, oblong-ovate to almost round, up to 19.5 cm long, discolorous, green and sparsely hairy above, velvety and with sessile yellowish to reddish glands beneath; margin entire or irregularly crenate; petiole 1-10 cm long, articulate with the basal part often woody and forming the climbing hooks after the leaves fall. Inflorescences in dense, axillary and terminal heads up to 20 cm in diameter. Flowers creamy to white, sweetly scented, with a tube 8-10 mm long. Fruit 10-12 mm long, surrounded by the persistent, obtusely lobed, cup-like calyx, black when ripe.
Notes:
Derivation of specific name: johnstonii: after Sir Henry (Harry) Hamilton Johnston (1858-1927), British administrator and explorer, who collected in Kenya and led a scientific expedition to Mt. Kilimanjaro. He also discovered and named the okapi in Congo.
Habitat: Along margins of montane evergreen forest.
Altitude range: 1750 - 2120 m
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: DRC, Burundi, Rwanda, Uganda, Ethiopia, Kenya, Tanzania, Malawi and Zambia.
Malawi distribution: N
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Saturday 9 March 2019
Literature:

Burrows, J.E. & Willis, C.K. (eds) (2005). Plants of the Nyika Plateau Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 31 SABONET, Pretoria Page 183. as Clerodendrum johnstonii johnstonii (Includes a picture).

Dowsett-Lemaire, F. (1989). The flora and phytogeography of the evergreen forests of Malawi. I: Afromontane and mid-altitude forests; Bull. Jard. Bot. Nat. Belg. 59(1/2) Page 23.

Fernandes, R. (2005). Lamiaceae (subfamilies: Viticoideae and Ajugoideae) Flora Zambesiaca 8(7) Page 115.

Other sources of information about Clerodendrum johnstonii:

Our websites:

Flora of Zambia: Clerodendrum johnstonii

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Clerodendrum johnstonii
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Clerodendrum johnstonii
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Clerodendrum johnstonii
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Clerodendrum johnstonii
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Clerodendrum johnstonii
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Clerodendrum johnstonii
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Clerodendrum johnstonii
iNaturalist: Clerodendrum johnstonii
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Clerodendrum johnstonii
JSTOR Plant Science: Clerodendrum johnstonii
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Clerodendrum johnstonii
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Clerodendrum johnstonii
Plants of the World Online: Clerodendrum johnstonii
The Plant List (version 1.1): Clerodendrum johnstonii
Tropicos: Clerodendrum johnstonii
Wikipedia: Clerodendrum johnstonii


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2014-19

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2019). Flora of Malawi: Species information: Clerodendrum johnstonii.
https://www.malawiflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=205950, retrieved 13 December 2019

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