Clerodendrum rotundifolium Oliv.

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Clerodendrum rotundifolium

Photo: Bart Wursten
Near Bigodi Swamp, Kibale

Clerodendrum rotundifolium

Photo: Bart Wursten
Near Bigodi Swamp, Kibale

Clerodendrum rotundifolium

Photo: Bart Wursten
Near Bigodi Swamp, Kibale

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Synonyms: Clerodendrum cavum De Wild.
Clerodendrum hildebrandtii Vatke var. pubescens Moldenke
Clerodendrum rotundifolium Oliv. var. stuhlmannii (Gürke) B. Thomas
Clerodendrum rotundifolium Oliv. var. keniense T.C.E. Fr.
Clerodendrum stuhlmannii Gürke
Clerodendrum zambesiacum Baker
Siphonanthus rotundifolius (Oliv.) S. Moore
Common names:
Frequency:
Status: Native
Description:
A soft-wooded shrub 1–4 m high, sometimes a liane up to c. 6 m or more, rarely a tree up to c. 8 m tall; flowering branches green-brownish to dark brown, stout, cylindrical, hollow, sometimes bristly hairy on most parts. , sometimes reddish or reddish-yellow on the petioles. Leaves opposite or 3-whorled, ovate-orbicular to ovate or broadly elliptic, 3.7–21 cm long, mostly cordate at the base, slightly pubescent above, more densely so beneath ; margin usually entire or rarely irregularly crenate; petiole 1–16 cm long sometimes with reddish-yellow hairs. Inflorescences in few-flowered heads, together forming one lax terminal leafy inflorescence up to 17 cm long; pedicels up to 4 cm long; bracteoles linear. Calyx 1.7–2.8 cm long, obconical at the base; lobes up to 1.5 cm long, and 1 cm wide at the base, erect, sparsely velvety. Corolla white or creamy-white, sweet-scented; tube 7–10 cm long, slender, glandular-pubescent on the outside; lobes oblong or elliptic, 1.3–2 cm long and 5–9 mm wide. Stamens and style exserted for c. 3.5 cm. Fruit 1–1.5 cm long and 1.2–1.8 cm wide, black when dry.
Notes:
Derivation of specific name: rotundifolium: with broad, almost circular leaves.
Habitat: Along margins and in clearings of forest, in dry forest, woodland and on streambanks, sometimes in pine plantations.
Altitude range: 1140 - 1860 m
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: DRC, Burundi, Uganda, Sudan, Kenya, Tanzania, Malawi and Mozambique.
Malawi distribution: C,S
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Thursday 11 October 2018
Literature:

Burrows, J.E., Burrows, S.M., Lötter, M.C. & Schmidt, E. (2018). Trees and Shrubs Mozambique Publishing Print Matters (Pty), Cape Town. Page 846. (Includes a picture).

Da Silva, M.C., Izidine, S. & Amude, A.B. (2004). A preliminary checklist of the vascular plants of Mozambique. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 30 Sabonet, Pretoria Page 77.

Paton, A.J. et al. (2013). Lamiaceae Flora Zambesiaca 8(8) Page 98.

Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A Checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mount Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34 National Botanic Garden of Belgium Page 183.

Other sources of information about Clerodendrum rotundifolium:

Our websites:

Flora of Mozambique: Clerodendrum rotundifolium

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Clerodendrum rotundifolium
African Plant Database: Clerodendrum rotundifolium
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Clerodendrum rotundifolium
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Clerodendrum rotundifolium
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Clerodendrum rotundifolium
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Clerodendrum rotundifolium
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Clerodendrum rotundifolium
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Clerodendrum rotundifolium
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Clerodendrum rotundifolium
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Clerodendrum rotundifolium
Ispot Southern Africa: Clerodendrum rotundifolium
JSTOR Plant Science: Clerodendrum rotundifolium
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Clerodendrum rotundifolium
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Clerodendrum rotundifolium
The Plant List (version 1.1): Clerodendrum rotundifolium
Tropicos: Clerodendrum rotundifolium


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2014-18

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2018). Flora of Malawi: Species information: Clerodendrum rotundifolium.
https://www.malawiflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=183880, retrieved 12 December 2018

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