Barleria senensis Klotzsch

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Barleria senensis

Photo: Darrel Plowes
Mutema (Mtema) CL, Save valley near Birchenough Bridge

Barleria senensis

Photo: Bart Wursten
Hot Springs, by lake

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Synonyms: Barleria albida Lindau
Barleria eenii S. Moore
Barleria petrophila Lindau
Barleria spathulata N.E. Br.
Common names:
Status: Native
Small spiny shrub, up to 1 m high. Inflorescence a cylindric, terminal spike. Flowers yellow to orange; bracts greyish-green.
Derivation of specific name: senensis: from Sena on the Zambezi River in Mozambique
Habitat: In various types of dry woodland and thickets or on shaded river banks, often on sandy soils.
Altitude range: 100 - 1000 m
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Southeastern Angola, Southern Malawi, Mozambique, Zambia, Zimbabwe, Botswana, Namibia and Limpopo, Mpumalanga South Africa.
Malawi distribution: S
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species

Chapano, C. & Mamuto, M. (2003). Plants of the Chimanimani District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 8.

Da Silva, M.C., Izidine, S. & Amude, A.B. (2004). A preliminary checklist of the vascular plants of Mozambique. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 30 Sabonet, Pretoria Page 18.

Darbyshire, I., Vollesen, K. & Kelbessa, E. (2015). Acanthaceae (Part 2) Flora Zambesiaca 8(6) Pages 115 - 117. (Includes a picture).

Golding, J.S. (ed.) (2002). Namibia Plant Red Data List. Southern African Plant Red Data Lists. SABONET 14 Page 73.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 13.

Retief, E. & Herman, P.P.J. (1997). Plants of the northern provinces of South Africa: keys and diagnostic characters Strelitzia 6 Page 218.

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 17.

Timberlake, J.R. & Childes, S.L. (2004). Biodiversity of the Four Corners Area: Technical Reviews Volume Two (Chapter 5-15) Appendix 5-1: Plant Checklist Occasional Publications in Biodiversity 15 Page 194.

Other sources of information about Barleria senensis:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Barleria senensis
Flora of Caprivi: Barleria senensis
Flora of Mozambique: Barleria senensis
Flora of Zambia: Barleria senensis
Flora of Zimbabwe: Barleria senensis

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Barleria senensis
African Plant Database: Barleria senensis
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Barleria senensis
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Barleria senensis
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Barleria senensis
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Barleria senensis
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Barleria senensis
JSTOR Plant Science: Barleria senensis
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Barleria senensis
Plants of the World Online: Barleria senensis
Tropicos: Barleria senensis
Wikipedia: Barleria senensis

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2014-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Malawi: Species information: Barleria senensis., retrieved 22 July 2024

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