Justicia bracteata (Hochst.) Zarb.

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Justicia bracteata

Photo: Bart Wursten
Mukuvisi Woodland offfice area

Justicia bracteata

Photo: Marius Steffens
Lone Mine Road, West of Gweru.

Justicia bracteata

Photo: Bart Wursten
Chesa Forest Land

Justicia bracteata

Photo: Bart Wursten
Chesa Forest Land

Justicia bracteata

Photo: Bart Wursten
Chesa Forest Land

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Monechma bracteatum Hochst.
Monechma debile (Forssk.) Nees
Common names:
Status: Native
Erect annual herb. Stems angular, ribbed with spreading branches. Leaves narrowly lanceolate to ovate or elliptic, more or less hairy with conspicuous veins. Inflorescences initially axillary, joining into large, often branched scorpioid cymes. Flowers in hairy, broadly rounded bracts, white to purple.
Derivation of specific name: bracteata: with (conspicuous) bracts; bracteose.
Habitat: In a wide variety of habitats, particularly in disturbed soil.
Altitude range: Up to 1450 m
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Angola, DRC, Uganda, Sudan, Eritrea ,Ethiopia, Somalia, Kenya, Tanzania, Malawi, Mozambique, Zambia, Zimbabwe, Botswana, Namibia and South Africa. Also in Yemen, Oman and possibly India.
Malawi distribution: N,C,S
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species

Chapano, C. & Mamuto, M. (2003). Plants of the Chimanimani District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 39. As Monechma debile

Chapano, C. & Mugarisanwa, N.H. (2003). Plants of the Matobo District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 26. As Monechma debile

Darbyshire, I., Vollesen, K. & Kelbessa, E. (2015). Acanthaceae (Part 2) Flora Zambesiaca 8(6) Pages 211 - 214. (Includes a picture).

Heath, A. & Heath, R. (2009). Field Guide to the Plants of Northern Botswana including the Okavango Delta Kew Publishing Page 24. (Includes a picture).

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 14. as Monechma debile

Pickering, H. & Roe, E. (2009). Wild Flowers of the Victoria Falls Area Helen Pickering, London Page 17. (Includes a picture).

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 19. as Monechma debile

Siebert, S. & Mössmer, M. (Editors) (2002). SABONET Southern Mozambique Expedition 2001; Provisional Plant Checklist of the Maputo Elephant Reserve (MER) and Licuati Forest Reserve (LFR) SABONET News 7(1) Page 23. as Monechma debile

Other sources of information about Justicia bracteata:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Justicia bracteata
Flora of Caprivi: Justicia bracteata
Flora of Mozambique: Justicia bracteata
Flora of Zambia: Justicia bracteata
Flora of Zimbabwe: Justicia bracteata

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Justicia bracteata
African Plant Database: Justicia bracteata
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Justicia bracteata
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Justicia bracteata
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Justicia bracteata
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Justicia bracteata
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Justicia bracteata
JSTOR Plant Science: Justicia bracteata
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Justicia bracteata
Plants of the World Online: Justicia bracteata
Tropicos: Justicia bracteata
Wikipedia: Justicia bracteata

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2014-23

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2023). Flora of Malawi: Species information: Justicia bracteata.
https://www.malawiflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=154610, retrieved 26 September 2023

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