Gardenia ternifolia Schumach. & Thonn.
subsp. jovis-tonantis
var. goetzei (Stapf & Hutch.) Verdc.

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Gardenia ternifolia subsp. jovis-tonantis var. goetzei

Photo: Darrel Plowes
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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Gardenia asperula Stapf & Hutch.
Gardenia goetzei Stapf & Hutch.
Gardenia jovis-tonantis (Welw.) Hiern
Common names: Powder-bark gardenia (English) Wild gardenia (English)
Frequency:
Status: Native
Description:
Shrub or small, spreading tree. Leaves in whorls of 3 on short, rigid side branchlets, oblanceolate to obovate, roughly hairy on both surfaces; hair-tuft domatia present. Flowers solitary at the ends of the branchlets, white, turning yellow when fading, sweetly scented. Fruit ovoid, 5 × 3.5 cm, velvety, yellowish brown, crowned with the remains of the calyx.
Notes:
Derivation of specific name: ternifolia: leaves in threes; jovis-tonantis: "Jupiter the Thunderer", meaning obscure; goetzei: after Walter Goetze (1872-1899), German naturalist, explorer, photographer and collector in Tanzania.
Habitat: In wooded grassland, on kopjes, and along streams and vleis, often on termite mounds.
Altitude range:
Flowering time:Sep - Dec
Worldwide distribution: Widespread in tropical Africa and Limpopo, South Africa
Malawi distribution: N,S
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Literature:

Bridson, D.M. & Verdcourt, B. (2003). Rubiaceae, Part 3 Flora Zambesiaca 5(3) Pages 669 - 671.

Burrows, J.E. & Willis, C.K. (eds) (2005). Plants of the Nyika Plateau Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 31 SABONET, Pretoria Page 242. (Includes a picture).

Burrows, J.E., Burrows, S.M., Lötter, M.C. & Schmidt, E. (2018). Trees and Shrubs Mozambique Publishing Print Matters (Pty), Cape Town. Page 954. (Includes a picture).

Coates Palgrave K. (revised and updated by Meg Coates Palgrave) (2002). Trees of Southern Africa 3rd edition. Struik, South Africa Page 1054.

Coates Palgrave, K. et al. (1956). Trees of Central Africa National Publications Trust, Salisbury. Pages 385 - 388. as Gardenia asperula (Includes a picture).

Da Silva, M.C., Izidine, S. & Amude, A.B. (2004). A preliminary checklist of the vascular plants of Mozambique. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 30 Sabonet, Pretoria Page 101.

Mannheimer, C. & Curtis B. (2009). Le Roux and Müller's Field Guide to the Trees and Shrubs of Namibia Macmillan Education, Windhoek, Namibia. Pages 460 - 461. as Gardenia ternifolia (Includes a picture).

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 72.

Phiri, P.S.M. (2005). A Checklist of Zambian Vascular Plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 32 Page 88. As Gardenia ternifolia subsp. jovis-tonantis

Schmidt, E., Lötter, M. & McCleland, W. (2002). Trees and shrubs of Mpumalanga and Kruger National Park Jacana, Johannesburg, South Africa Pages 626 - 627. (Includes a picture).

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 97.

Setshogo, M.P. & Venter, F. (2003). Trees of Botswana: names and distribution SABONET Report No. 18 Southern African Botanical Diversity Network, Pretoria Page 114.

Van Wyk, B. & Van Wyk, P. (1997). Field Guide to Trees of Southern Africa. Struik, South Africa Pages 366 - 367. As Gardenia ternifolia subsp. jovis-tonantis

Van Wyk, B. & Van Wyk, P. (2013). Field Guide to Trees of Southern Africa (Second edition) Struik, South Africa Pages 428 - 429. as Gardenia ternifolia

Other sources of information about Gardenia ternifolia subsp. jovis-tonantis var. goetzei:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Gardenia ternifolia subsp. jovis-tonantis var. goetzei
Flora of Mozambique: Gardenia ternifolia subsp. jovis-tonantis var. goetzei
Flora of Zambia: Gardenia ternifolia subsp. jovis-tonantis var. goetzei
Flora of Zimbabwe: Gardenia ternifolia subsp. jovis-tonantis var. goetzei

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Gardenia ternifolia
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Gardenia ternifolia
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Gardenia ternifolia
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Gardenia ternifolia
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Gardenia ternifolia
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Gardenia ternifolia
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Gardenia ternifolia
iNaturalist: Gardenia ternifolia
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Gardenia ternifolia
JSTOR Plant Science: Gardenia ternifolia
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Gardenia ternifolia
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Gardenia ternifolia
Plants of the World Online: Gardenia ternifolia
The Plant List (version 1.1): Gardenia ternifolia
Tropicos: Gardenia ternifolia
Wikipedia: Gardenia ternifolia


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2014-19

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2019). Flora of Malawi: Species information: Gardenia ternifolia subsp. jovis-tonantis var. goetzei.
https://www.malawiflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=155370, retrieved 19 October 2019

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