8285.000 Gardenia J. Ellis

Description of the genus

Shrubs or trees, with branches often in threes and young parts often glutinous. Stipules sheathing, often truncate. Leaves opposite or 3-nate, with or without domatia. Flowers large, terminal or pseudoaxillary, solitary or in few-flowered fascicles, white, turning yellow to brown with age. Corolla tube funnel-shaped or cylindric; lobes 5-12. Ovary 1-locular with 2-9 parietal placentas. Fruit spherical or ellipsoid, usually with a thick fibrous or woody wall. Seeds numerous, fused into a pulpy solid mass.

Derivation of name: Named after Alexander Garden, a medical doctor from Aberdeen, who was one of Linnaeus' correspondents

Worldwide: c. 60 species in the tropical and warm Old World

Malawi: 6 taxa.

The larvae of the following species of insect eat species of this genus:
Menophra obtusata (Pale waved umber)
Omizodes ocellata (Ocellate thorn)
Gardenia volkensii subsp. spatulifolia

Links to taxa:     View: living plant images - herbarium specimen images - all images for this genus

SpeciesFZ divisionsContent
imperialis K. Schum. subsp. imperialis N,C,SDescription, Image
resiniflua Hiern subsp. resiniflua N,SDescription, Image
subacaulis Stapf & Hutch.N,C,S
ternifolia Schumach. & Thonn. subsp. jovis-tonantis (Welw.) Verdc. var. jovis-tonantis (Welw. Aubrev.NImage
ternifolia Schumach. & Thonn. subsp. jovis-tonantis (Welw.) Verdc. var. goetzei (Stapf & Hutch.) Verdc.N,SDescription, Image
volkensii K. Schum. subsp. spatulifolia (Stapf & Hutch.) Verdc.Image

Other sources of information about Gardenia:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Gardenia
Flora of Caprivi: Gardenia
Flora of Caprivi: cultivated Gardenia
Flora of Mozambique: Gardenia
Flora of Zambia: Gardenia
Flora of Zimbabwe: Gardenia
Flora of Zimbabwe: cultivated Gardenia

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Gardenia
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Gardenia
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Gardenia
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Gardenia
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Gardenia
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Gardenia
JSTOR Plant Science: Gardenia
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Gardenia
Plants of the World Online: Gardenia
Tropicos: Gardenia
Wikipedia: Gardenia

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2014-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Malawi: Genus page: Gardenia.
https://www.malawiflora.com/speciesdata/genus.php?genus_id=1380, retrieved 22 April 2024

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