Vernonia bainesii Oliv. & Hiern
subsp. bainesii

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Vernonia bainesii subsp. bainesii

Photo: Bart Wursten
Near Rhodes Camp, Nyanga NP

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Synonyms: Polydora bainesii (Oliv. & Hiern) H. Rob.
Vernonia buchananii Baker
Common names:
Status: Native
Perennial herb with many annual stems growing from a woody rootstock. It may grow into a subshrub up to 1 m but often the stems are more spreading decumbent or ascending. Leaves often close together and overlapping, (in this subsp.) linear, up to 30 mm long; margin markedly revolute. Capitula solitary at the ends of the branches. Involucres 10-15 mm long with bracts 6-8-seriate, closely appressed and overlapping, purple-tipped. Florets purple, c. 10 mm long. Achenes 3-4 mm linear, minutely glandular, 5-6-angled; pappus with short narrow scales outside and whitish, barbellate setae, 6-8 mm long inside.
Derivation of specific name: bainesii: after Thomas Baines (1820-75), artist and naturalist
Habitat: A species of sub-montane grassland; often spreading on to the edges of gravel roads
Altitude range:
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Tanzania, Malawi, Mozambique, Zambia, Zimbabwe and Mpumalanga, South Africa.
Malawi distribution: N,C,S
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species

Burrows, J.E. & Willis, C.K. (eds) (2005). Plants of the Nyika Plateau Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 31 SABONET, Pretoria Page 109. (Includes a picture).

Chapano, C. & Mamuto, M. (2003). Plants of the Chimanimani District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 57.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 29.

Pope, G.V. (1992). Compositae Flora Zambesiaca 6(1) Pages 101 - 102.

Wursten, B., Timberlake, J. & Darbyshire, I. (2017). The Chimanimani Mountains: an updated checklist. Kirkia 19(1) Page 90.

Other sources of information about Vernonia bainesii subsp. bainesii:

Our websites:

Flora of Mozambique: Vernonia bainesii subsp. bainesii
Flora of Zambia: Vernonia bainesii subsp. bainesii
Flora of Zimbabwe: Vernonia bainesii subsp. bainesii

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Vernonia bainesii
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Vernonia bainesii
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Vernonia bainesii
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Vernonia bainesii
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Vernonia bainesii
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Vernonia bainesii
JSTOR Plant Science: Vernonia bainesii
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Vernonia bainesii
Plants of the World Online: Vernonia bainesii
Tropicos: Vernonia bainesii
Wikipedia: Vernonia bainesii

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2014-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Malawi: Species information: Vernonia bainesii subsp. bainesii., retrieved 24 June 2024

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