8751.000 Vernonia Schreb.

CYANTHILLIUM Blume

GYMNANTHEMUM Cass.

HILLIARDIELLA H. Rob.

LINZIA Sch. Bip. ex Walp.

ORBIVESTUS H. Rob.

POLYDORA Fenzl

VERNONIASTRUM H. Rob.

Herman, P.P.J. & Swelankomo, N. (2011) Vernonia (Tribe Vernonieae) and related genera in Southern Africa: updates and corrections Bothalia 41(1) 176-178

Wild, H. (1978) The Compositae of the Flora Zambesiaca area. 8. Vernonieae (Vernonia). Kirkia 11(1) 31-127

Description of the genus

Annual or perennial herbs (often with annual stems from woody rootstocks), small to large shrubs, woody scramblers or small trees. Leaves alternate, simple. Capitula homogamous, discoid; florets normally bisexual and fertile. Phyllaries free in 2-many series, imbricate. Corolla various shades of purple, blue, or creamy-white, regularly 5-lobed. Pappus 2-seriate with an outer short whorl of scales or setae and an inner whorl of longer setae.

Derivation of name: Named after William Vernon, English botanist of the late 17th century.

Worldwide: c. 1,000 species in warm and tropical regions of the Old World and America

Malawi: 64 taxa.

The larvae of the following species of insect eat species of this genus:
Basiotha schenckii (Brown-striped hawk)
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Links to taxa:     View: living plant images - herbarium specimen images - all images for this genus

SpeciesFZ divisionsContent
acrocephala Klatt N
acuminatissima S. MooreC
adoensis Sch. Bip. ex Walp. var. adoensis NImage
adoensis Sch. Bip. ex Walp. var. kotschyana (Sch. Bip. ex Walp.) G.V. PopeN,CDescription, Image
adoensis Sch. Bip. ex Walp. var. mossambiquensis (Steetz) G.V. PopeN,C,S
adoensis Sch. Bip. ex Walp.[Agg]N,C,SDescription, Image
alticola G.V.Pope N
amblyolepis Baker N,S
amygdalina DelileN,C,SDescription, Image
anthelmintica (L.) Willd.NDescription, Image
bainesii Oliv. & Hiern subsp. bainesii N,C,SDescription, Image
bainesii Oliv. & Hiern subsp. brassii Wild[End]C
bellinghamii S. MooreN,C,SDescription, Image
biafrae Oliv. & Hiern N,S
brachycalyx O.Hoffm. N
calyculata S. MooreN,C,S
chloropappa Baker Description, Image
chthonocephala O.Hoffm. C,S
cinerea (L.) Less. var. cinerea N,SDescription, Image
colorata (Willd.) Drake subsp. colorata SDescription, Image
colorata (Willd.) Drake subsp. oxyura (O. Hoffm.) C. JeffreyN,C,S
exsertiflora Baker var. exsertiflora N
filipendula HiernC,SDescription, Image
fractiflexa Wild[End]NDescription
galamensis (Cass.) Less. subsp. galamensis var. australis M.G. GilbertS
gerberiformis Oliv. & Hiern subsp. gerberiformis var. gerberiformis CImage
glaberrima Welw. ex O.Hoffm.N,SDescription, Image
glabra (Steetz) Vatke var. glabra N,C,SDescription, Image
glabra (Steetz) Vatke var. laxa (Steetz) BrenanSDescription, Image
griseopapposa G.V.Pope N
holstii O. Hoffm.N,SDescription, Image
incompta S.Moore N
karaguensis Oliv. & HiernN,C,SDescription, Image
kawoziensis Davies[End]NDescription
kayuniana G.V. Pope[End]N
kirkii Oliv. & HiernC,SDescription, Image
melleri Oliv. & Hiern var. melleri N,C,SDescription, Image
melleri Oliv. & Hiern var. superba (O. Hoffm.) C. JeffreyN,C,S
milanjiana S. Moore[End]S
muelleri Wild subsp. brevicuspis G.V.Pope N,S
musofensis S. Moore var. miamensis (S. Moore) G.V. PopeN,C,S
musofensis S.Moore var. musofensis S
myriantha Hook. f.N,C,SDescription, Image
natalensis Sch. Bip. ex Walp.N,C,SDescription, Image
nestor S. MooreN,C,SDescription, Image
oligocephala (DC.) Sch. Bip. ex Walp.Description, Image
petersii Oliv. & Hiern ex Oliv.N,C,SDescription, Image
polysphaera Baker NDescription, Image
poskeana Vatke & Hildebr. subsp. poskeana Description, Image
praemorsa Muschl. N
pteropoda Oliv. & HiernN,S
purpurea Sch. Bip. ex Walp.N,C,SDescription, Image
rhodanthoidea Muschl.Description, Image
rubens Wild[End]N
schweinfurthii Oliv. & Hiern S
stenocephala Oliv.NDescription, Image
subaphylla Baker N,CDescription, Image
suprafastigiata KlattNDescription, Image
syringifolia O.Hoffm. N,CDescription, Image
thomsoniana Oliv. & Hiern ex Oliv.N,C,S
tolypophora Mattf.N
turbinella S.Moore NDescription, Image
ugandensis S. MooreN,C,S
wollastonii S.MooreN,SDescription, Image

Other sources of information about Vernonia:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Vernonia
Flora of Caprivi: Vernonia
Flora of Caprivi: cultivated Vernonia
Flora of Mozambique: Vernonia
Flora of Zambia: Vernonia
Flora of Zimbabwe: Vernonia

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Vernonia
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Vernonia
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Vernonia
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Vernonia
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Vernonia
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Vernonia
JSTOR Plant Science: Vernonia
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Vernonia
Plants of the World Online: Vernonia
Tropicos: Vernonia
Wikipedia: Vernonia

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2014-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Malawi: Genus page: Vernonia.
https://www.malawiflora.com/speciesdata/genus.php?genus_id=1464, retrieved 13 April 2024

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