Hagenia abyssinica (Bruce) J.F.Gmel.

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Hagenia abyssinica

Photo: Bart Wursten
Entrance to Zovo Chipolo Trail, Nyika National Park

Hagenia abyssinica

Photo: Bart Wursten
Dam 1, Chelinda Camp, Nyika National Park

Hagenia abyssinica

Photo: Bart Wursten
Dam 1, Chelinda Camp, Nyika National Park

Hagenia abyssinica

Photo: Bart Wursten
Dam 1, Chelinda Camp, Nyika National Park

Hagenia abyssinica

Photo: Bart Wursten
Dam 1, Chelinda Camp, Nyika National Park

Hagenia abyssinica

Photo: Bart Wursten
Dam 1, Chelinda Camp, Nyika National Park

Hagenia abyssinica

Photo: Bart Wursten
Dam 1, Chelinda Camp, Nyika National Park

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Banksia abyssinica Bruce
Brayera anthelmintica Kunth ex Brayer
Hagenia abyssinica (Bruce) J.F. Gmel. var. viridifolia Haumann
Common names:
Frequency:
Status: Native
Description:
Large tree with a broad rounded crown; bark reddish-brown, fissured and flaking; branches densely hairy with orange-brown hairs up to 4 mm long, ringed by the scars of old sheathing leaf-bases. Leaves imparipinnate, up to 40 cm long; leaflets 5-8 on each side, sub-opposite, narrowly oblong, 12-15 cm long, more or less hairless above, often densely silvery hairy beneath; margin finely toothed;main leaflet pairs alternating with small, reduced, subcircular ones; petiole up to 15 cm long, sheathing the branches at the base, set with soft hairs up to 4 mm long. Stipules up to 9 mm long, membranous, reddish to brown. Flowers mostly unisexual on different trees in large terminal, much-branched drooping inflorescences up to 60 cm long. Female inflorescences bulkier than male with flowers red, up to 1.5 cm long, sticky. Male flowers c. 8 mm in diameter, orange-buff or white.
Notes:
Derivation of specific name: abyssinica: of Abyssinia (now Ethiopia)
Habitat: In montane forest, woodland and scrub.
Altitude range: 1950 - 2350 m
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: DRC, Burundi, Rwanda, Uganda, Sudan, Ethiopia, Kenya, Tanzania, Malawi and Zambia.
Malawi distribution: N
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Wednesday 5 September 2018
Literature:

Burrows, J.E. & Willis, C.K. (eds) (2005). Plants of the Nyika Plateau Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 31 SABONET, Pretoria Page 237. (Includes a picture).

Dowsett-Lemaire, F. (1989). The flora and phytogeography of the evergreen forests of Malawi. I: Afromontane and mid-altitude forests; Bull. Jard. Bot. Nat. Belg. 59(1/2) Page 19.

Mendes, E.J. (1978). Rosaceae Flora Zambesiaca 4 Pages 21 - 22. (Includes a picture).

Other sources of information about Hagenia abyssinica:

Our websites:

Flora of Zambia: Hagenia abyssinica

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Hagenia abyssinica
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Hagenia abyssinica
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Hagenia abyssinica
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Hagenia abyssinica
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Hagenia abyssinica
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Hagenia abyssinica
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Hagenia abyssinica
iNaturalist: Hagenia abyssinica
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Hagenia abyssinica
JSTOR Plant Science: Hagenia abyssinica
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Hagenia abyssinica
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Hagenia abyssinica
Plants of the World Online: Hagenia abyssinica
Tropicos: Hagenia abyssinica
Wikipedia: Hagenia abyssinica


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2014-22

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2022). Flora of Malawi: Species information: Hagenia abyssinica.
https://www.malawiflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=191290, retrieved 14 August 2022

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