Polystachya songaniensis G. Will.

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Polystachya songaniensis

Photo: David Gwynne-Evans
Near summit Mt Mabu

Polystachya songaniensis

Photo: David Gwynne-Evans
Near summit Mt Mabu

Polystachya songaniensis

Photo: David Gwynne-Evans
Near summit Mt Mabu

Polystachya songaniensis

Photo: David Gwynne-Evans
Near summit Mt Mabu

Polystachya songaniensis

Photo: David Gwynne-Evans
Near summit Mt Mabu

Polystachya songaniensis

Photo: David Gwynne-Evans
Near summit Mt Mabu

Polystachya songaniensis

Photo: David Gwynne-Evans
Near summit Mt Mabu

Polystachya songaniensis

Photo: David Gwynne-Evans
Near summit Mt Mabu

Polystachya songaniensis

Photo: David Gwynne-Evans
Near summit Mt Mabu

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Epiphorella songaniensis (G.Will.) Mytnik & Szlach.
Common names:
Frequency:
Status: Native
Description:
Epiphyte or lithophyte, often forming small, dense mats, flowering when leafless. Pseudobulbs squat, onion-shaped, 10-15 mm long, shiny green or purplish, 2-3-leaved. Leaves narrowly linear, grass-like, up to 15 cm long. Inflorescence more or less densely many-flowered, usually up to 15 cm long but rarely up to 35 cm. Flowers pale to deep pink, sometimes white. Lip white, large with a conspicuous bright yellow callus and a frilled edge. Lateral sepals forming a narrow, cylindric, spur-like mentum.
Notes:
Derivation of specific name: songaniensis: from the Songani Lookout point on Zomba Plateau in Malawi, where the type specimen was found.
Habitat: Growing on old Xerophyta stumps, in clumps of sedges or on exposed seepage rock, apparently never seen on living plants.
Altitude range:
Flowering time:Oct - Nov
Worldwide distribution: Southern Malawi and Mozambique.
Malawi distribution: S
Growth form(s):
Endemic status: Near Endemic
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Literature:

Darbyshire, I., Timberlake, J., Osborne, J., Rokni, S., Matimele, H., Langa. C., Datizua, C., de Sousa, C., Alves, T., Massingue, A., Hadj-Hammou, J., Dhanda, S., Shah, T., Wursten, B. (2019). The endemic plants of Mozambique: diversity and conservation status Phytotaxa 136 Page 78.

La Croix, I. & Cribb, P.J. (1998). Orchidaceae (Part 2) Flora Zambesiaca 11(2) Pages 332 - 333. as Polystachya songaniensis (Includes a picture).

La Croix, I. et al. (1983). Malawi Orchids Volume 1 Epiphytic Orchids National Fauna Preservation Society of Malawi Pages 110 - 111. as Polystachya songaniensis (Includes a picture).

La Croix, I. et al. (1991). Orchids of Malawi A.A. Balkema, Rotterdam Page 220. as Polystachya songaniensis

Mytnik-Ejsmont, J. (2011). A Monograph of the Subtribe Polystachyinae Schltr. (Orchidaceae) University of Gdansk, Poland, ISBN 978 83 7531 174 4 Pages 351 - 353. (Includes a picture).

Strugnell, A.M. (2002). Endemics of Mt. Mulanje. The endemic spermatophytes of Mt. Mulanje, Malawi Systematics and Geography of Plants 72 Page 20. as Polystachya songaniensis

Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A Checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mount Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34 National Botanic Garden of Belgium Page 140.

Timberlake, J.R., Bayliss, J., Dowsett-Lemaire, F., Congdon, C., Branch, B., Collins, S., Curran, M., Dowsett, R,J., Fishpool, L., Francisco, J., Harris, Kopp, M. & de Sousa, C. (2012). Mt Mabu, Mozambique: Biodiversity and Conservation Report produced under the Darwin Initiative Award 15/036. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, London Page 71.

Other sources of information about Polystachya songaniensis:

Our websites:

Flora of Mozambique: Polystachya songaniensis

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Polystachya songaniensis
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Polystachya songaniensis
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Polystachya songaniensis
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Polystachya songaniensis
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Polystachya songaniensis
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Polystachya songaniensis
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Polystachya songaniensis
iNaturalist: Polystachya songaniensis
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Polystachya songaniensis
JSTOR Plant Science: Polystachya songaniensis
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Polystachya songaniensis
Kew Monocotyledon checklist: Polystachya songaniensis
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Polystachya songaniensis
Plants of the World Online: Polystachya songaniensis
Tropicos: Polystachya songaniensis
Wikipedia: Polystachya songaniensis


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2014-22

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2022). Flora of Malawi: Species information: Polystachya songaniensis.
https://www.malawiflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=199640, retrieved 27 November 2022

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