Moraea macrantha Baker

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Common names:
Frequency: Locally fairly frequent.
Status: Native
Plants with an erect unbranched flowering stem, 50–70 cm high, growing from a corm c. 15 mm in diameter. Cataphylls brown, irregularly broken to more or less fibrous. Foliage leaf much exceeding the stem, linear, 5–7 mm wide, channelled; sheathing leaves 4–5, 6–10 cm long, green. Inflorescence terminal; spathes green with a dry brown apex, the inner 9–13 cm long, the outer about two-thirds as long as the inner. Flowers often a very deep and dark violet-purple, sometimes a paler blue to violet; outer tepals with whitish to sometimes pale-yellow nectar guides; outer tepals lanceolate, 60–80 mm long, the limb 30–45 mm long, as long or longer than the claw; inner tepals lanceolate, 55–75 mm long, erect. Capsules narrowly ovoid, c. 3 cm long.
Notes: Few species of any flower show a colour so deep, intense and with a velvety sheen as this one.
Derivation of specific name: macrantha: large-flowered.
Habitat: In high-altitude woodland and montane grassland.
Altitude range: Above 1800 m
Flowering time:Feb - Jun
Worldwide distribution: DRC (eastern Shaba), southwestern Tanzania, northern Malwai and nearby Zambia.
Malawi distribution: N
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Wednesday 13 March 2019

Baumann, G. (2005). Photographic Guide to Wildflowers of Malawi Wildlife and Environmental Society of Malawi Pages 208 - 209. (Includes a picture).

Burrows, J.E. & Willis, C.K. (eds) (2005). Plants of the Nyika Plateau Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 31 SABONET, Pretoria Page 313. (Includes a picture).

Goldblatt, P. (1993). Iridaceae Flora Zambesiaca 12(4) Page 21.

Phiri, P.S.M. (2005). A Checklist of Zambian Vascular Plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 32 Page 116.

Other sources of information about Moraea macrantha:

Our websites:

Flora of Zambia: Moraea macrantha

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Moraea macrantha
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Moraea macrantha
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Moraea macrantha
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Moraea macrantha
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Moraea macrantha
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Moraea macrantha
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Moraea macrantha
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Moraea macrantha
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Moraea macrantha
Ispot Southern Africa: Moraea macrantha
JSTOR Plant Science: Moraea macrantha
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Moraea macrantha
Kew Monocotyledon checklist: Moraea macrantha
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Moraea macrantha
The Plant List (version 1.1): Moraea macrantha
Tropicos: Moraea macrantha

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2014-19

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2019). Flora of Malawi: Species information: Moraea macrantha., retrieved 25 March 2019

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