1265.000 Moraea Mill.


Description of the genus

Perennial herbs, dying back each year, with corms. Foliage leaves 1-several. Inflorescence composed of rhipidia; rhipidia 1 per branch or crowded terminally, each enclosed in a pair of spathes. Flowers actinomorphic, Iris-like, usually blue or yellow. Ovary long-pedicellate. Style divided into 3 flat petaloid branches, these apically forked into 2 crests; stigma transverse and abaxial below base of crests. Anthers appressed to the style branches. Fruit a capsule.

Derivation of name: (originally Morea) named after Robert More, Esquire of Shropshire, botanist and natural historian, who was a contemporary of Miller and Linnaeus. The name was altered by Linnaeus into Moraea, presumably in honour of Linaeus's father-in-law Johan Moraeus,

Worldwide: 120 species in tropical and South Africa

Malawi: 10 taxa.

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Links to taxa:     View: living plant images - herbarium specimen images - all images for this genus

SpeciesFZ divisionsContent
bella HarmsN,CDescription, Image
carsonii BakerN,CDescription, Image
elliotii BakerC
macrantha Baker NDescription, Image
natalensis BakerN,CDescription, Image
schimperi (Hochst.) Pic.Serm.N,C,SDescription, Image
stricta BakerN,SDescription, Image
tanzanica GoldblattN
thomsonii BakerCDescription
verdickii De Wild.C,SDescription, Image

Other sources of information about Moraea:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Moraea
Flora of Caprivi: cultivated Moraea
Flora of Mozambique: Moraea
Flora of Zambia: Moraea
Flora of Zimbabwe: Moraea

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Moraea
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Moraea
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Moraea
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Moraea
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Moraea
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Moraea
JSTOR Plant Science: Moraea
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Moraea
Plants of the World Online: Moraea
Tropicos: Moraea
Wikipedia: Moraea

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2014-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Malawi: Genus page: Moraea.
https://www.malawiflora.com/speciesdata/genus.php?genus_id=380, retrieved 19 April 2024

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