Cynorkis brevicalcar Summerh.

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Cynorkis brevicalcar

Photo: Gary Brown
Lichenya to Likubula path, Mt Mulanje

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Synonyms: Cynorkis sp. in Morris, Epiphytic Orchids of Malawi: 27 (1970).
Common names:
Frequency: Locally common
Status: Native
Terrestrial herb up to 21 cm high. Leaves 1–2 at the base, ovate to elliptic, 25–45 mm long, hairless. Peduncle 7–16 cm long, hairless, usually with 1 small bract-like leaf, c. 10 mm long, sheathing. Inflorescence 1.5–5 cm long, densely 4–many-flowered; bracts lanceolate, 4–12 mm long; ovary and pedicel 6–10 mm long, semi-erect, arched at top, purple, sparsely glandular-hairy. Flowers small, white or pale pink, with purple spots on the lip; scented. Dorsal sepal ovate, 2–3 mm long, very convex; lateral sepals obliquely ovate, 4–6 mm long, spreading. Petals falcate, 2 mm long, forming hood with dorsal sepal. Lip tong-shaped, 3–6 mm long, with 2 obscure teeth less than 1 mm long at base. Spur 1–1.5 mm long, straight or slightly incurved.
Derivation of specific name: brevicalcar: with a short spur.
Habitat: Seepage slopes and wet areas in montane grassland, often in shallow soils overlying rock.
Altitude range: 1700 - 2310 m
Flowering time:Jan - Apr
Worldwide distribution: Known only from Mt Mulanje, Malawi
Malawi distribution: S
Growth form(s):
Endemic status: Endemic
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Monday 12 August 2019

Cribb, P.J. & Stewart, J. (1985). Additions to the Orchid Flora of Tropical Africa Kew Bulletin 40(2) Pages 399 - 401. Protologue (Includes a picture).

La Croix, I. & Cribb, P.J. (1995). Orchidaceae (Part 1) Flora Zambesiaca 11(1) Pages 55 - 57. (Includes a picture).

La Croix, I. et al. (1991). Orchids of Malawi A.A. Balkema, Rotterdam Page 46. (Includes a picture).

Strugnell, A.M. (2002). Endemics of Mt. Mulanje. The endemic spermatophytes of Mt. Mulanje, Malawi Systematics and Geography of Plants 72 Page 18.

Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A Checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mount Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34 National Botanic Garden of Belgium Page 133.

Other sources of information about Cynorkis brevicalcar:

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Cynorkis brevicalcar
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Cynorkis brevicalcar
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Cynorkis brevicalcar
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Cynorkis brevicalcar
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Cynorkis brevicalcar
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Cynorkis brevicalcar
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Cynorkis brevicalcar
iNaturalist: Cynorkis brevicalcar
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Cynorkis brevicalcar
JSTOR Plant Science: Cynorkis brevicalcar
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Cynorkis brevicalcar
Kew Monocotyledon checklist: Cynorkis brevicalcar
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Cynorkis brevicalcar
Plants of the World Online: Cynorkis brevicalcar
The Plant List (version 1.1): Cynorkis brevicalcar
Tropicos: Cynorkis brevicalcar
Wikipedia: Cynorkis brevicalcar

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2014-19

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2019). Flora of Malawi: Species information: Cynorkis brevicalcar., retrieved 20 August 2019

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