The following is a list of native or naturalised species which, at least some of the time, possess this spot-character.

Plants growing on or under water, free-floating, or if rooted in the soil then not growing more than a few cm above the water level, lying flat upon the mud during dry periods and not self supporting.

Alismataceae Caldesia reniformis
Alismataceae Limnophyton obtusifolium
Apiaceae Hydrocotyle ranunculoides
Araceae Lemna aequinoctialis
Araceae Pistia stratiotes
Araceae Spirodela polyrrhiza
Araceae Wolffiella welwitschii
Ceratophyllaceae Ceratophyllum demersum var. demersum
Fabaceae subfamily Mimosoideae Neptunia oleracea
Hydrocharitaceae Lagarosiphon cordofanus
Hydrocharitaceae Lagarosiphon muscoides
Hydrocharitaceae Ottelia exserta
Hydrocharitaceae Ottelia ulvifolia
Hydrocharitaceae Vallisneria spiralis
Marsileaceae Marsilea minuta var. minuta
Marsileaceae Marsilea subterranea
Menyanthaceae Nymphoides brevipedicellata
Menyanthaceae Nymphoides senegalensis
Najadaceae Najas horrida
Najadaceae Najas marina subsp. armata
Nymphaeaceae Nymphaea lotus
Nymphaeaceae Nymphaea nouchali var. caerulea
Nymphaeaceae Nymphaea nouchali var. petersiana
Parkeriaceae Ceratopteris thalictroides
Pontederiaceae Eichhornia crassipes
Potamogetonaceae Potamogeton crispus
Potamogetonaceae Potamogeton octandrus
Potamogetonaceae Potamogeton pusillus
Potamogetonaceae Potamogeton richardii
Potamogetonaceae Potamogeton schweinfurthii
Salviniaceae Azolla nilotica
Salviniaceae Azolla pinnata subsp. africana
Salviniaceae Salvinia hastata
Number of species: 33

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2014-23

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2023). Flora of Malawi: List of species with each spot-character: Aquatic., retrieved 30 November 2023

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