Eulophia horsfallii (Bateman) Summerh.

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Eulophia horsfallii

Photo: Margaret Westrop
Luwawa Forest Reserve, Viphya, Mzimba

Eulophia horsfallii

Photo: Margaret Westrop
Luwawa Forest Reserve, Viphya, Mzimba

Eulophia horsfallii

Photo: Margaret Westrop
Luwawa Forest Reserve, Viphya, Mzimba

Eulophia horsfallii

Photo: Margaret Westrop
Luwawa Forest Reserve, Viphya, Mzimba

Eulophia horsfallii

Photo: Margaret Westrop
Luwawa Forest Reserve, Viphya, Mzimba

Eulophia horsfallii

Photo: Margaret Westrop
Luwawa Forest Reserve, Viphya, Mzimba

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Eulophia rosea (Lindl.) A.D. Hawkes
Lissochilus horsfallii Bateman.
Lissochilus roseus Lindl.
Lissochilus sandersonii Rchb. f.
Common names:
Status: Native
Large terrestrial herb, up to 3 m tall, growing from a rhizome with stout whitish roots. Leaves 3-5, lanceolate to oblanceolate, 30-250 cm long, petiolate, ribbed, evergreen. Inflorescence rather laxly several- to many-flowered. Sepals olive-green to purple-brown, more or less erect; petals white, pink or purple-pink, broadly ovate-elliptic, overlying the column; lip 3-lobed with side lobes erect green, purple-veined, mide-lobe purple with 3 creamy-yellow crests; spur, 4-10 mm long conical.
Derivation of specific name: horsfallii: After Thomas Berry Horsfall (1805-1878), nineteenth century British politician who cultivated the type material, collected in West Africa, in his glasshouse in England.
Habitat: In wet and swampy places in riverine and evergreen forest, along streams and vleis and at the base of mountain slopes.
Altitude range: Up to 1900 m
Flowering time:Sep - May
Worldwide distribution: Widespread in tropical Africa and South Africa.
Malawi distribution: N,C,S
Growth form(s): Terrestrial.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Saturday 21 November 2020

Baumann, G. (2005). Photographic Guide to Wildflowers of Malawi Wildlife and Environmental Society of Malawi Pages 234 - 235. as Eulophia horsfallii (Includes a picture).

Burrows, J.E. & Willis, C.K. (eds) (2005). Plants of the Nyika Plateau Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 31 SABONET, Pretoria Page 323. as Eulophia horsfallii

Fibeck, W. & Dare, M. (1993). Terrestrial Orchids in Zimbabwe. Excelsa 16 Page 59. as Eulophia horsfallii

Golding, J.S. (ed.) (2002). Zimbabwe Plant Red Data List. Southern African Plant Red Data Lists. SABONET 14 Page 180.

Grosvenor, R.K. (1976). A list of orchids indigenous in Rhodesia. Excelsa 6 Page 81.

La Croix, I. & Cribb, P.J. (1998). Orchidaceae (Part 2) Flora Zambesiaca 11(2) Pages 487 - 489. as Eulophia horsfallii (Includes a picture).

La Croix, I. et al. (1991). Orchids of Malawi A.A. Balkema, Rotterdam Page 334. as Eulophia horsfallii

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 95.

McMurtry, D., Grobler, L., Grobler, J. & Burns, S. (2008). Field Guide to the ORCHIDS of Northern South Africa and Swaziland Umdaus Press, PO Box 11059 Hatfield 0028 South Africa Pages 368 - 369. (Includes a picture).

Phiri, P.S.M. (2005). A Checklist of Zambian Vascular Plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 32 Page 120.

Pooley, E. (1998). A Field Guide to the Wild Flowers of KwaZulu-Natal and the Eastern Region. Natal Flora Publications Trust. Durban. Pages 372 - 373. as Eulophia horsfallii (Includes a picture).

Schelpe, E.A.C.L.E. (1976). A Provisional Checklist of the Orchidaceae of Mozambique South African Journal of Botany 42(4) Page 392. as Eulophia horsfallii

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 127.

Stewart, J. & Campbell, B. (1996). Orchids of Kenya Timber Press Inc, Portland Oregon, USA ISBN0-88192-357-5 Page 119. (Includes a picture).

Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A Checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mount Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34 National Botanic Garden of Belgium Page 135. as Eulophia horsfallii

Williamson, G. (1977). The Orchids of South Central Africa J.M. Dent & Sons Ltd., London. Pages 172 - 173. (Includes a picture).

Other sources of information about Eulophia horsfallii:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Eulophia horsfallii
Flora of Caprivi: cultivated Eulophia horsfallii
Flora of Mozambique: Eulophia horsfallii
Flora of Zambia: Eulophia horsfallii
Flora of Zimbabwe: Eulophia horsfallii

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Eulophia horsfallii
African Plant Database: Eulophia horsfallii
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Eulophia horsfallii
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Eulophia horsfallii
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Eulophia horsfallii
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Eulophia horsfallii
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Eulophia horsfallii
JSTOR Plant Science: Eulophia horsfallii
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Eulophia horsfallii
Plants of the World Online: Eulophia horsfallii
Tropicos: Eulophia horsfallii
Wikipedia: Eulophia horsfallii

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2014-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Malawi: Species information: Eulophia horsfallii., retrieved 18 April 2024

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